Franziska Nowak

Born: Trembowla, Poland, on 8 February 1910

Profession in country of origin: Unknown

Arrived in Britain as a refugee from Germany in 1939


Female enemy alien - Exemption from internment - Refugee   
Surname: Nowak
Forename: Franziska
Alias: - 
Date and place of birth: 08/02/1910 in Trembowla [Terebovlia]
Nationality: German 
Police Regn. Cert. No.: 713 123 
Home Office ref: -     
Address: 94 Woodnesborough Road, Sandwich
Normal occupation: Household
Present occupation: 
Name and address of employer: - 
Decision of tribunal: Exempt
Date 30.10.1939 
Whether exempted from Article 6(A): Yes 
Whether desires to be repatriated: No 

Tribunal District: Tribunal for Margate District

Source: National Archives, Home Office: Aliens Department: Internees Index, 1939-1947.

B. Non-transmigrants
Name of ship: Samaria
Steamship Line: Cunard White Star Limited
Names and descriptions of ALIEN passengers embarked at the port of Liverpool
Date of Departure: 22nd May 1940
Where bound: New York
Contract ticket number: 44670
Port at which passengers have contracted to land: New York
Names of passengers: Nowak, Fritz / Nowak, Francizka
Class: 3rd
Ages of passengers - Adults of 12 years and upwards - Accompanied by husband or wife - Males 34 / Females 30 
Children between 1 and 12: -
Infants: -
Last address in the UK: Kitchener Camp, Richborough
Profession, Occupation, or Calling of passengers: Elect. Engineer / Housewife
Country of last permanent residence: England
Country of Intended Future Residence: USA 
Country of which Citizen or Subject: Germany

Source: National Archives: Passenger Lists leaving UK 1890-1960.

Editor’s note: We are not allowed to reproduce National Archives (UK) images, but we are permitted to reproduce the material from them, as shown above.


Frieda (Franziska Nowak née Schächter) was married to Fritz Nowak, the elder brother of Erna Finkelstein.

A family story is told that the Vienna apartment of Fritz and Frieda Nowak was appropriated by the Nazi authorities. A former neighbour of theirs, a nazi sympathizer, was then installed in the apartment.

The story goes that as the new tenant crossed the threshold, Frieda cursed him in ripe Polish-accented Yiddish, whereupon he tripped and broke his leg.

The couple had visas for the USA and were resident at Kitchener camp, although the family do not know how long for.

They do know that Frieda and Fritz migrated to America shortly afterwards.

Frieda died New York on 1 8 July 1998.

History submitted by Robert Fraser, for his family


  • Kitchener camp 1939, Herbert Finkelstein
  • Kitchener camp 1939, Herbert Finkelstein

Photographs submitted by Robert Fraser, for his family

You may also be interested in: